Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova

Embassy of the Republic of Moldova to the Kingdom of Sweden, Kingdom of Norway, Republic of Finland and Republic of Iceland

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General information

LOCATION

Eastern Europe, north-east of Romania 

GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES

45°28’ - 48°28’ N (350 km), 26°40’ - 30°06’ E (150 km) 

AREA

  • total: 33843 km2, 139th
  • land: 33371 km2
  • water: 472 km2 (main rivers: Danube, Nistru, Prut, Raut; main lakes: Beleu, Bic, Dracele)

LAND BOUNDARIES

  • total: 1389 km
  • border countries: Romania — 450 km, Ukraine — 939 km
  • coastline: 200 m at the south extreme point (Giurgiulesti) with the delta of the Danube river

LAND USE

  • arable land: 53%
  • permanent crops: 14%
  • permanent pastures: 13%
  • forests and woodland: 9%
  • others: 11% 

EXTREME POINTS

  • lowest point: Nistru River, -2 m
  • highest point: Dealul Balanesti, +430 m
  • north point: Naslavcea
  • south point: Giurgiulesti
  • west point: Criva
  • east point: Palanca 

CLIMATE

moderate winters (in January -4 -7 C°), warm summers (in July +25 +28 C°) 

TERRAIN

Hilly steppes in the north & center (Codru), plain in the south (Bugeac Plain) 

NATURAL RESOURCES

lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land 

POPULATION

  • total: 3,55 million [2017, National Bureau of Statistics]
  • density: 121,9/km2 

MAIN CITIES

  • Chisinau, 745 thousand inhabitants [2017, National Bureau of Statistics]
  • Tiraspol, 159 163
  • Balti, 146 thousand inhabitants [2017, National Bureau of Statistics]
  • Tighina, 97 027 [2004]
  • Ribnita, 53 648 [2004]
  • Cahul, 39 thousand inhabitants [2017, National Bureau of Statistics] 

RELIGION [POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS, 2014]

  • Eastern Orthodox Christians — 2,5 million
  • Undeclared — 193 thousand
  • Evangelical Christians — 25 thousand
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses – 17 thousand
  • Pentecostals – 10 thousand

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

Romanian language

Other spoken languages: Gagauz, Ukrainian, Russian, Bulgarian, Polish, Hebrew, etc. 

CURRENCY

Moldovan leu (MDL) = 100 bani 

TIME ZONE

EET (UTC+2)

summer — EEST (UTC+3) 

INTERNET TLD

.md 

CALLING CODE 

+373